A plethora of hormones released during exercise impact athletic performance, but new research is explaining which hormones are important and exactly how they affect performance.
Overconditioned horses have decreased reproductive and athletic performance and are at risk for insulin resistance and laminitis. Frequently horses become obese secondary to being offered concentrate feeds that aren’t necessary to maintain moderate body condition.
Many horses with Cushing’s disease (also called pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction, PPID) also have insulin resistance (IR), though not all do.
Feeds for horses frequently contain sources of carbohydrates and fat that can be used to fuel exercise. A method known as indirect calorimetry can be used to show how these fuels are being used by the horse.
Despite improved knowledge about the health needs of older horses, there remain two health issues that plague them: equine Cushing’s disease and equine metabolic syndrome (EMS).
Planning a diet for a horse with equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) depends on how severe the insulin resistance is and how obese the horse is.
Researchers collected and analyzed fat samples to determine what types of inflammatory molecules were produced by different fat stores.
To make the best nutritional recommendations for horses with PPID (Cushing's disease), nutritionists must first consider whether the horse needs to lose or gain weight and whether insulin resistance is present.
How would you react to someone saying your horse is not just a bit chubby, but truly obese? Would you immediately delve into the five stages of grief, navigating swiftly from anger and denial to depression and acceptance?
Many horse owners are aware that obesity is not healthy for horses. Nonetheless, managing body conditions is challenging and likely explains why approximately one-third of horses are overweight.
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