Potentially pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 31% of over 8,000 cultures taken from mares of different breeds in central Florida.
The majority of mares give birth without difficulty, moving smoothly through the various stages of labor and parturition. However, mare owners and foaling managers need to know when the mare is not making progress and may require intervention to ensure the well-being of mare and foal.
Stallion fertility can be influenced by nutrition, management, presentation of mares, and the stallion’s age, among other factors. To ensure the best pregnancy rates, managers need to take several factors into consideration.
Deciding whether to breed on foal heat depends on many factors, including the health of the mare after parturition and the breeder's goals for the resulting foals and the mare.
Breeding mares by artificial insemination can be accomplished using fresh semen, chilled semen, or frozen-thawed semen. Each option has its own method of use and average rate of pregnancy. Of these three techniques, using frozen-thawed semen to inseminate mares seems to be most tricky.
Premature foals born before 300 days of gestation have a low chance of survival. However, many premature foals do well with supportive care, eventually growing as well as full-term foals and catching up by or before two years of age.
Breeding a mare when she is most fertile is the best way to optimize the chance of pregnancy. Because the mare is at the peak of fertility for only a few hours during each three-week-long reproductive cycle, careful management of breeding mares is necessary.
Experienced broodmare managers know some of the usual signs that show a mare is close to giving birth. However, first-time breeders may not as be familiar with these signs. In order to be more prepared for delivery of a foal, anyone keeping a pregnant mare should watch for these indications.
Umbilical hernia is not an uncommon condition of newborn foals. With proper management, umbilical hernias can be rectified, and most affected foals have no long-term defects.
Researchers developed a lightweight facemask complete with a low-level blue light to help mares come into season earlier. The device shows promise for managing broodmares bred early in the year when natural light is inadequate.
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