Proper management is important for horses that have some time off from work and are being brought back into a training program. As these horses transition from full pasture turnout to a schedule that includes many hours in the stall, their diet and exercise level will both change.
One of the most common heart problems affecting equine performance is atrial fibrillation, or “a-fib.” This is a condition in which the upper chambers of the horse’s heart may beat up to 400 times a minute.
Scientists at Texas A&M University conducted research that indicated some cases of arthritis in older horses might be prevented or made less severe by management changes affecting the horses in their younger years.
Horses that consume too much fresh pasture grass ingest high levels of fructans, carbohydrates that are not processed in the equine small intestine and thus can pass to the hindgut.
Foals are often born with legs that aren’t quite straight and hooves that are stubby, pointed at the toe, and wider at the coronet than at the sole. As the foals grow and exercise, many of these imperfections moderate or self-correct without treatment.
Some horses that show signs of back pain are diagnosed with a condition known as kissing spines. A study in Sweden evaluated surgery performed on standing horses rather than using general anesthesia.
To do well in any athletic performance—dressage, reining, cutting, eventing, even strenuous trail riding—horses need to be able to breathe freely. The flow of air can be impeded by inflammation, infection, or mechanical problems, among other things.
Through collaborative research conducted at the University of Kentucky, a biological control method to reduce Asian tiger mosquito populations has been developed.
Adult Onchocerca cervicalis worms, also called equine neck threadworms, live in the large nuchal ligament that runs from the poll to the withers.
Several equine diseases, including West Nile virus, are spread when horses are bitten by infected mosquitoes. These insects lay their eggs in standing water, but not in moving streams.
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